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Juvenile Healing to Wellness Court

What is a Healing to Wellness Court? 

A Healing to Wellness Court brings together alcohol and drug treatment, community healing resources and the tribal justice process by using a team approach to achieve the physical and spiritual healing of the individual participant and promote Native nation building and the well-being of the community. 

What is a Juvenile Healing to Wellness Court? 

A Juvenile Healing to Wellness Court is a judicial intervention that promotes accountability, healing, and tribal life-ways for court involved youth who suffer from addiction to alcohol and illegal substances.

What are the differences between an Adult Healing to Wellness Court and a Juvenile Healing to Wellness Court? 

The Key Components for Healing to Wellness Courts may be utilized as a framework for planning and implementation for both the adult and the juvenile healing to wellness court.

Youth wellness courts integrate developmentally appropriate responses, utilize tools and methodologies that have been found to be effective to support youth participants, and consider the unique needs of the Tribal youth population.

Tribal Juvenile Healing to Wellness Court Quick Resource Guide:

Developing a New Tribal Juvenile Healing to Wellness Court? Check out these publications:

The Tribal Ten Key Components are foundational elements of a Healing to Wellness Court. Review this fact sheet to learn more about the components along with youth service considerations for juvenile healing to wellness court practitioners. Ten Key Components Handout
“Tribal Juvenile Healing to Wellness Court Guidebook,” Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Tribal Youth Training and Technical Assistance Center, 2017. This guidebook offers a planning guide for Tribal Juvenile Healing to Wellness Court practitioners. This tribal youth focused publication supports the integrative and individualized community development of the Tribal Juvenile Healing to Wellness Court.Juvenile Healing to Wellness Court Guidebook
Review the Tribal Healing to Wellness Courts Publication Series for resources related to the Wellness Court Key Components, Treatment, Case Management, and the role of the Judiciary. Tribal Healing to Wellness Court Publication Series
“Lessons Learned in Implementing the First Four Tribal Wellness Courts,” Karen Gottlieb, June, 2010.  This publication will give the reader a lessons learned approach to the implementation of the healing to wellness court components within four tribal communities. Readers may find this straightforward tribal community perspective helpful as they work through the process of developing a successful tribal juvenile healing to wellness courtLessons Learned in Implementing the Four Wellness Courts











Developing Processes that Are Youth Guided:

This user friendly guide offers strategies to support the development of a youth treatment court. While not specifically tribal focused, it is a great resource for tribal teams who are newly implementing a juvenile healing to wellness court. See the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges, “Starting a Juvenile Drug Court:  A Planning Guide,” 2014http://www.ncjfcj.org/sites/default/files/NCJFCJ_JDC_PlanningGuide_Final.pdf
Serving youth who suffer from addiction can be a daunting challenge. Learn more about best practices for serving court involved youth who are addicted to alcohol and illegal substances “Juvenile Drug Treatment Court Guidelines,” Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, December 2016https://www.ojjdp.gov/juvenile-drug-treatment-court-guidelines.html


Screening and Assessment for Youth Participants:

“Screening and Assessment Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders Among Youth in the Juvenile Justice System: A Resource Guide for Practitioners.” Thomas Grisso and Lee Underwood, National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice, Policy Research Associates, Inc., NCJ 204956. December 2004https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/204956.pdf
See a chart of evident-based screening tools for adults and adolescents at the National Institute on Drug Abusehttps://www.drugabuse.gov/nidamed-medical-health-professionals/tool-resources-your-practice/screening-assessment-drug-testing-resources/chart-evidence-based-screening-tools-adults
Did you know that 1 in 3 children starts drinking by the end of 8th grade? Have you heard of Screening and Brief Intervention (SBIRT)? Check out “Alcohol Screening and Brief Intervention for Youth: A Practitioner’s Guide,” a supportive tool for youth screening processes. NIAAA October 2015https://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/Practitioner/YouthGuide/YouthGuide.pdf



Alcohol and Substance Abuse Program (ASAP)- The Objective of the Alcohol and Substance Use Program (ASAP) is to reduce the incidence and prevalence of alcohol and substance abuse among American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN)https://www.ihs.gov/asap/
Principles of Adolescent Substance Use Disorder Treatment: A Research Based Guide https://www.drugabuse.gov/sites/default/files/podata_1_17_14.pdf
Considerations for American Indian/Alaska Native and Tribal Populations- Rural Health Information Hubhttps://www.ruralhealthinfo.org/toolkits/substance-abuse/4/population-considerations/tribal-populations


Motivating Youth Behavior Change through Consequences and Rewards (Sanctions and Incentives): 

Learn about consequences and rewards. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Tip Sheet.Consequences and Rewards Handout
Individualizing Responses to Motivate Behavior change in Youth: A Four-Prong Approach https://www.ncjfcj.org/publications/individualizing-responses-to-motivate-behavior-change-in-youth-a-four-pronged-approach/